This chapter provides an overview of fitness. It defines physical
fitness, outlines the phases of fitness, and discusses various
types of fitness programs and fitness evaluation.
Physical fitness, the emphasis of this manual, is but one component of total fitness. Some of the others are weight control, diet and nutrition, stress management, dental health, and spiritual and ethical fitness, as well as the avoidance of hypertension, substance abuse, and tobacco use. This manual is primarily concerned with issues relating directly to the development and maintenance of the five components of physical fitness.
Components of physical fitness include weight control, diet, nutrition, stress management, and spiritual and ethical fitness.